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Course instructor: Dr. Charlotte Martin de Fonjaudran

Course: Principles of Conservation

Dr. Martin gained a Masters in Art History at the Pantheon-Sorbonne University (Paris I, France) in 2001 and a Masters in the Conservation of Wall Painting at The Courtauld Institute of Art (London,UK) in 2004. Following a one-year internship in the Science Department of the Getty Conservation Institute (Los Angeles, USA) she was a Lecturer and MA fieldwork supervisor for the Conservation of Wall Painting Department of the Courtauld Institute, working in China, India, Malta and Cyprus. She continued her work with the Courtauld as a freelance conservator, managing wall painting projects in Malta and India involving environmental assessment and control measures as well as scientific investigations and remedial interventions. She jointly managed the wall painting conservation project at Nagaur from 2006-12. In September 2014 she obtained her PhD in Conservation at THe Courtauld Institute of Art. Her research focused on cleaning issues affecting Asian wall paintings and on the development of an open-source image analysis workflow to assess cleaning effects.

Publications: 

C. Martin de Fonjaudran, S. Menon and  M. S. Gill, ‘Sumda Chun and other early wall paintings in Ladakh: practical and ethical conservation issues from failing structures to obscuring surface layers’, in D. Park, K. Wangmo, and S. Cather (eds), Art of Merit: Studies in Buddhist Art and its Conservation. Proceedings of the Buddhist Art Forum 2012, London, 2013, 203-18.

S. Tringham, C. Martin de Fonjaudran, C. di Giorgio and S. Cather, ‘Passive and remedial approaches to salt damage and biodeterioration of wall paintings and monuments in the Crypt of the Grand Masters, St John’s Co-Cathedral, Valletta’, in Wallpaintings in Crypts, Grottoes, Catacombs: Strategies for the Conservation of Coated Surfaces in Damp Environments (Proceedings of the ICOMOS conference at Quedlinburg, 3-6 November 2011), ed. T. Danzl, M. Exner and E. Rüber-Schütte, Journal of the ICOMOS German National Committee, 56 (2013) 85-9.

C. Martin de Fonjaudran, S. Tringham, S. Bogin, S. Menon, and K. Jasol, ‘Cultural identity, conservation approaches and dissemination: conserving the wall paintings of Nagaur Fort, Rajasthan, India’ in ICOM-CC Preprints of the 16th triennial conference, Lisbon, 19-23 September 2011 (e-publication, no pagination).

C. Martin de Fonjaudran, A. Nevin, F. Piqué, and S. Cather ‘Stratigraphic analysis of organic materials in wall painting samples using micro-FTIR attenuated total reflectance and a novel sample preparation technique’, in Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 392 (1-2) 77-86.

S. Bogin, C. Martin de Fonjaudran and S. Tringham, ‘Conserving the Palace of Mirrors at Nagaur, Rajasthan’, in Courtauld News (23 Spring 2008), 14-5.


Course instructor: Sam Whittaker

Course: Condition assessment with technical imaging

Following completion of a BA in Fine Art at Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design, Whittaker undertook an MA in the Conservation of Wall Painting at The Courtauld. His research dissertation focused on non-invasive investigations of fluorescent properties of natural organic colorants. He then took up a graduate internship at the Getty Conservation Institute in Los Angeles. This entailed work on both the conservation and management of the wall paintings of the Tomb of Tutankhamen and the documentation and condition assessment of Kasbah Taourirt, Morocco. During this internship he researched the application of 3D-imaging techniques to map deterioration phenomena and quantify rates of change through image analysis. He has been a conservator on Courtauld projects in India, Bhutan and Cyprus and has supervised MA conservation students at Bundi in India, Tamzhing in Bhutan and Vardzia in Georgia. He has also worked at the palace of Westminster and Hampton Court Palace using photogrammetry with UV-induced fluorescence imaging to create high resolution documentation of the wall paintings.

Percy, K.; Ouimet, C.; Ward, S.; Santana Quintero, M.; Canciino,C.; Wong,L.; Marcus, B.; Whttaker, S.; Boussalh, M. "Documentation for emergency condition mapping of decorated historic surfaces at the Caid Residence, the Kasbah of Taourirt (Ouarzazate, Morocco)."


Course instructor: Amarilli Rava

Course: Assessing materials for conservation

Rava holds a BA in Oriental Art and Archaeology from the University of Naples 'L'Orientale'. Following her graduation from The Courtauld with an MA in Wall Painting Conservation, Rava was a graduate intern at the Getty Conservation Institute in Los Angeles where her internship focused on the conservation and management of the wall paintings of the Tomb of Tutankhamen. She has supervised MA conservation students on Courtauld conservation projects in Cyrus, India, Georgia and Bhutan. She is a lecturer at The Courtauld and is currently also undertaking a PhD at the Courtauld. The focus of her current research is on the causes of adhesion failure and investigating remedial interventions.

Publications: 

L. Wong, S. Rickerby, A. Rava, A. Phenix, J. Mazurek, R. Kamel, ‘Examination of the wall paintings in Tutankhamen’s tomb: inconsistencies in original technology,’ in The Decorative: Conservation and the Applied Arts (Proceedings of the IIC Congress, Vienna, 2012), London, 2012, 322-30.

L. Wong, S. Rickerby, A. Rava, A. Sharkawi, ‘Developing approaches for conserving painted plasters in the royal tombs of the Valley of the Queens’, Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on the Study and Conservation of Earthen Architectural Heritage, Terra 2012, Lima, Peru (e-proceedings).


Course instructor: Dr. Giovanni Verri

Course: Multispectral imaging

Dr. Verri graduated with a degree in Physics from the University of Ferrara, with a dissertation in technical imaging applied to paintings, and completed a PhD at the same institution. He was scientific coordinator for the Organic Materials in Wall Paintings project with the Getty Conservation Institute. Having sparked his interest in conservation-related issues, Verri then undertook an MA in Conservation of Wall Painting at The Courtauld (2004-2007). In 2007 he was appointed Mellon Fellow at the British Museum, where he developed multispectral imaging for the conservation of artistic and archaeological materials. During his dissertation and later at the British Museum he developed an imaging technique called visible-induced luminiscence imaging for the identification of Egyptian blue, Han blue and Han purple. This imaging technique-now adopted by a large number of international institutions-has since been used on several artworks including the wall paintings in the Tomb of Tutankhamen, Egypt, the Nike of Samothrace at the Louvre, Paris, France, the Caryatid Mausoleum at Halicarnassus at the British Museum, UK. More recently, he developed a flash-based setup for an economically viable multispectral imaging system. Verri is now lecturing at The Courtauld, coordinating the MA programme in Buddhist Art:History and Conservation.

Relevant Publications: 

G. Verri and D. Saunders, ‘Xenon flash for reflectance and luminescence (multispectral) imaging in cultural heritage applications’, The British Museum Technical Bulletin, 8 2014 83-92

G. Verri, T. Opper and L. Lazzarini, “In picturae modum variata circumlitio?  The reconstruction of the polychromy of a Roman ideal female head (Treu Head)”, in Diversamente Bianco, la policromia della scultura Romana, P. Liverani and U. Santamaria (eds), Edizioni Quasar, Roma 2014 149-183

G. Accorsi, G. Verri, A. Acocella, F. Zerbetto, G. lerario, G. Gigli and D. Saunders, “Imaging, photophysical properties and DFT calculations of manganese blue (barium manganate(vi) sulphate) - a modern pigment”, Chemical Communications, The Royal Society of Chemistry, The Royal Society of Chemistry 2014, doi 10.1039/C4CC01986E

J. Dyer, G. Verri and J. Cupitt, “Multispectral Imaging in Reflectance and Photo-induced Luminescence modes: a User Manual”, European CHARISMA Project, published online http://www.britishmuseum.org/pdf/charisma-multispectral-imaging-manual-2013.pdf 2013

G. Verri and J. Ambers, ‘Revealing stratigraphy’ in Italian Renaissance Drawings, Technical Examination and Analysis, Archetype, London, 2010 89-102

G. Verri, S. Tanimoto and C. Higgitt, ‘Inks and washes’ in Italian Renaissance Drawings, Technical Examination and Analysis, Archetype, London, 2010 57-76

G. Accorsi, G. Verri, M. Bolognesi, N. Armaroli, C. Clementi, C. Miliani and A. Romani, ‘The exceptional near-infrared luminescence properties of cuprorivaite (Egyptian blue)’, Chem. Commun., 2009, 3392 - 3394

G. Verri, ‘The spatially resolved characterisation of Egyptian blue, Han blue and Han purple by photo-induced luminescence digital imaging’, Anal Bioanal Chem., 2009 394(4) 1011-21    

 

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Course instructor: Sibylla Tringham

Course: Environmental monitoring and assessment

Tringham is a Lecturer at the Courtauld in the Conservation of Wall Painting Department where she supervises conservation programmes in Bhutan, Georgia and India. Before joining the department she was a visiting lecturer and supervisor for Departmental conservation projects in China, Cyprus and Malta. She has jointly managed the long-term conservation programme at Nagaur since its inception in 2007. 

Following an MA in History of Art at Edinburgh, she received her Courtauld MA in Conservation of Wall Painting (2004). Her experience includes an internship and consultancy at the Getty Conservation Institute and research on the sheltering of archaeological sites.  Sibylla is completing her PhD in Conservation at The Courtauld on Assessing methods for visualising consolidants in painted lime plaster. 

In 2014 and 2015 Sibylla taught condition assessment and technical imaging on the Leon Levy Course. In 2016, she draws on her extensive teaching and practical experience for delivering the course onenvironmental assessment. 

Publications: 

S. Tringham, C. Martin de Fonjaudran, C. de Giorgio and S. Cather, ‘Passive and remedial approaches to salt damage and biodeterioration of wall paintings and monuments in the Crypt of the Grand Masters, St. John's Co-Cathedral, Valletta,’ in T. Danzl, et al. eds., Wandmalereien in Krypten, Grotten, Katakomben. Zur Konservierung gefasster Oberflächen in unweltgeschädigten Räumen, (ICOMOS German National Committee vol. 51), 2013, 85-96. 

C. Martin de Fonjaudran, S. Tringham, S. Bogin, S. Menon and K. Jasol, ‘Cultural identity, conservation approaches, and dissemination: conserving the wall paintings of Nagaur Fort, Rajasthan, India,’ in ICOM-CC 16th Triennial Conference Proceedings, Lisbon, 2011 (e-publication, no pagination).

S. Tringham, review of All Manner of Murals, Studies in Conservation (54) 2009, 62-4.

S. Tringham and J. Stewart, 'Protective structures over archaeological sites: a review of assessment initiatives', in A. Ben Abed, M. Demas and T. Roby eds, Lessons Learned: Reflecting on the Theory and Practice of Mosaic Conservation., J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2008, 204-14.

S. Bogin, C. Martin de Fonjaudran and S. Tringham, ‘Conserving the Palace of Mirrors at Nagaur, Rajasthan’, in Courtauld News (No. 23 Spring 2008), 14-15.

 

Course instructor: Dr. Caroline Kyi

Course: Biodeterioration and control

Dr Kyi is a Post-doctoral Fellow at the Grimwade Centre for Cultural Materials Conservation at The University of Melbourne. From 1997-2000 she undertook the Postgraduate Diploma in the Conservation of Wall Painting at the Courtauld Institute and carried out important research on the bioremediation of soluble nylon. Her PhD (Chemistry) from The University of Melbourne was on 'Controlling biodeterioration of cultural materials: the use of free radical-based treatments to inhibit the communication pathways of microbial films'. Her research focuses on the conservation of wall paintings and the biodeterioration of cultural materials. Both her working and research concentrate on conservation issues presented by a range of moveable and immoveable cultural heritage in Australia and internationally.

Selected publications:

C. Kyi, R. Sloggett, P. McMillan, and C. Schiesser, ‘Nitric oxide: investigations into a potential (free) radical approach as a treatment alternative in the control of biodeterioration’, International Conference on Built Heritage: Monitoring, Conservation and Management, Milan, 2013.

C. Kyi, C. Schiesser, and R. Sloggett, ‘From test-tube to treatment: conservation considerations in the development of an alternative approach in the control of biodeterioration’, in The Meaning of Materials in Modern and Contemporary Art, Brisbane 10-11 December 2012 (AICCM Paintings Group, 20th-century in paint symposium).

C. Kyi, C. Schiesser and R. Sloggett, ‘NO• (nitric oxide) to biodeterioration; conservation of material culture,’ in Tropical Climates: Proceedings of the 3rd APTCCARN Meeting, Silpakorn University, Thailand 2012.

R. Slogget, C, Kyi, N. Tse, M. Tobin, L. Puskar, L. and A. Best, ‘Microanalysis of artworks: IR microspectroscopy of paint cross-sections’, Advanced Vibrational Spectroscopy, 53 (1) 2010, 77–82

C. Kyi, ‘The significance of appropriate sampling and cultivation in the effective assessment of biodeterioration’, in Zeitschrift für Kunsttechnologie und Konservierung, 2006, 344-52.

C. Kyi and R. Drew, ‘Bioremediation of soluble nylon: investigations of genetic information and enzymatic activities associated with the utilisation of soluble nylon as a substrate,’ in Tradition and Innovation: Advances in Conservation, IIC, London, 2000, 101-6.

 

Neil Greentree

Imaging the sculpture at Nagaur

Greentree has been a photographer for more than 40 years and photographing in India since 1974. He has produced many publications both as the photographer as well as in some cases working on the image file production side with a book designer, which enables successful and accurate printing of the images in their final book form. He has also been working at the Freer Gallery of Art in the Smithsonian, Washington DC, creating high-resolution digital files for the museum's archives and public database platform as well as many other publications, books and websites. He taught on the Leon Levy programme in 2014 and 2015.

For the 2016 programme he will offer two evening lectures as well as a morning photography session for course participants on his imaging methods.


Programme Manager: Sreekumar Menon

Sreekumar Menon followed a degree in Physics with a Masters in Conservation of Works of Art from the National Museum Institute, New Delhi, in 2001. He worked with Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage, New Delhi, and undertook internships in the conservation of easel painting at the Hamilton Kerr Institute, Cambridge, UK and at the Stichting Restauratie Atelier Limburg, Maastricht, The Netherlands. In 2012 he began a PhD at the Courtauld on 'Early period Buddhist wall paintings of Ladakh from the 11th to early 13th centuries: Materials, techniques and conservation implications' where he is an AkzoNobel scholar.

He is a partner of Art Conservation Solutions, managing a variety wall painting conservation projects in India. Menon began conservation projects with the Courtauld at Nagaur in 2007 and is a team member of the ongoing Courtauld conservation programme at Tango Monastery, Bhutan. He was instrumental in setting up the Leon Levy Conservation Centre in Nagaur, served as Programme Manager in 2015, 2016 and continues that role in 2017.

Publications

M. S. Gill, Carolina. P.R and S. Menon 'Materials and techniques : Early Buddhist wall paintings and sculptures at Sumda Chun, Ladakh', Studies in conservation, Vol.59, Issue 5, Maney Publishing, London 2014, 300-13.

C. Martin de Fonjaudran, S. Menon and  M. S. Gill, ‘Sumda Chun and other early wall paintings in Ladakh: practical and ethical conservation issues from failing structures to obscuring surface layers’, in D. Park, K. Wangmo, and S. Cather (eds), Art of Merit: Studies in Buddhist Art and its Conservation. Proceedings of the Buddhist Art Forum 2012, London, 2013, 203-18.

C. Martin de Fonjaudran, S. Tringham, S. Bogin, S. Menon and K. Jasol, ‘Cultural identity, conservation approaches, and dissemination: conserving the wall paintings of Nagaur Fort, Rajasthan, India,’ in ICOM-CC 16th Triennial Conference Proceedings, Lisbon, 2011 (e-publication, no pagination)

S. Menon and M.S. Gill, 'Conservation of oil paintings of Raja Ravi Varma', Conservation of Cultural Property in India, Vol. 39,   Indian Association for the Study of Conservation of Cultural Property, New Delhi, 2011, 26-32. 

M.S. Gill and S. Menon, Condition assessment and mapping of decorative features on monuments. In Agrawal O.P., Sinha N., and Singh S.(eds), Conservation Issues in Asia (Asian Regional Cooperation Conference, New Delhi 2008), New Delhi, INTACH, 2009, 9-17


Assistant Programme Manager: Wajeeda Tabassum

Tabassum did her masters in conservation, preservation and heritage management from Delhi Institute for Heritage Research and Management, Delhi. She worked on various projects on textiles and wall painting conservation with different organizations in India. A participant of Leon Levy Foundation Centre for Conservation Studies programme in 2015, Tabassum is currently pursuing Ph.D in textile conservation from the Maharaja Sayajirao, University of Baroda. She will be joining the Leon Levy Conservation centre team in 2017, assisting with the management of the programme.